Global Challenges & Solutions
As we look back on the global breezes reported on in 2014, we kicked off the year with an inside look at Azerbaijan’s lopsided urban explosion. In his commentary, Responding to Azerbaijan’s Brain Drain Challenge, Tural Abbasov demonstrated that within a few years of the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, thousands of educated and skilled Azerbaijanis became unemployed, leading to an external brain drain. A few years later, Azerbaijan contracted with a consortium of foreign oil companies, thereby attracting foreign investment into the country. As a result, an internal brain drain occurred, with people from rural Azerbaijan – already suffering from a lack of employment, underemployment and an unfavourable infrastructure – moving to Baku and its surrounding environs to find jobs in the burgeoning energy economy. As a consequence of this internal movement, there has been a significant uptick in population growth, unemployment, pollution and poverty in eastern Azerbaijan – challenges for which the government will need to come up with sustainable solutions.
Meanwhile, our own communities and others around the world have been reinventing themselves for the past 50 years. December's Global Breezes blog highlights and hyperlinks to some of the innovations we have posted on Good Governance Worldwide in the past year.
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